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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Local Services and Governments


Thinking Regionally: How to Improve Service Delivery in Canada’s Cities
October 12, 2016 - Zachary Spicer and Adam Found

For cities across Canada, amalgamation has produced few economies of scale and greatly undermined local autonomy, according to a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Thinking Regionally:...

An Opportunity not to be Wasted: Reforming Ontario’s Recycling Program
July 23, 2015 - Aaron Jacobs

The government of Ontario should make individual producers responsible for recycled products while permitting them to achieve recycling goals as they see fit, according to a new C.D. Howe...

Baffling Budgets: The Need for Clearer and More Comprehensive Financial Reporting by Canada’s Municipalities
January 15, 2014 - Benjamin Dachis and William B.P. Robson

Opaque budgeting methods and financial reports in Canada’s major cities baffle councilors and taxpayers, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Baffling Budgets: The...

Stuck in Place: The Effect of Land Transfer Taxes on Housing Transactions
October 11, 2012 - Benjamin Dachis

Toronto’s Land Transfer Tax (LTT) has had a significant impact on home sales and household mobility in the city over the longer term, according to a report released today by the C.D. Howe...

Holding Canada’s Cities to Account: An Assessment of Municipal Fiscal Management
November 23, 2011 - Benjamin Dachis and William B.P. Robson

A new study from the C.D. Howe institute lifts the veil on opaque budgeting and routinely missed spending targets in Canada’s major cities. In “Holding Canada’s Cities to Account: An...

Ben Dachis - Mobility Pricing and Transportation Investment Go Hand-in-Hand
Intelligence Memos
From: Benjamin Dachis To: Metro Vancouver Mobility Pricing Independent Commission Date: Oct. 26, 2017 Re: Mobility pricing and transportation investment go hand-in-hand Your Commission has quite the...
Covering drugs for young people isn’t the best way to fill gaps in health care: Toronto Star Op-Ed
With much fanfare, Ontario’s 2017 budget announced the introduction of universal drug coverage, starting next January, for those under age 25. True, drugs are an important part of the problem in...
Manitoba's highly paid teachers: Winnipeg Free Press Op-Ed
By David Johnson Teacher salaries must be attractive enough to draw talented people into the profession. The interesting question is: is there evidence on how much is enough? In Canada, provinces...

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