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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Immigration Policy and Outcomes


The Power of Words: Improving Immigrants' Literacy Skills
August 1, 2017 - Parisa Mahboubi

Ottawa should strengthen the screening process to improve the literacy skills of immigrants, states a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In The Power of Words: Improving Immigrants’...

Education Quality and Immigrants' Success in the Canadian Labour Market
July 20, 2017 - Qing (Felix) Li

Policymakers must find innovative ways to improve immigrants’ likelihood of finding well-paid employment, states a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Education Quality and Immigrants’...

Moving Parts: Immigration Policy, Internal Migration and Natural Resource Shocks
March 10, 2016 - Michel Beine, Robin Boadway and Serge Coulombe

Recent changes to Canadian immigration policy, including the Temporary Foreign Worker (TFW) Program, are positive overall, but they could have negative consequences that need addressing, according...

Underperforming Adults? The Paradox of Skills Development in Canada
September 16, 2015 - Andrew Parkin

Canada’s lacklustre performance on the OECD’s test of adult literacy, numeracy and problem solving has raised questions about the quality of provincial education systems, but the explanation for...

Don’t Forget the Kids: How Immigrant Policy Can Help Immigrants' Children
May 14, 2014 - Colin Busby and Miles Corak

Current immigration policies overlook the unique challenges faced by immigrant children, resulting in higher dropout rates for those arriving in Canada as teenagers, according to a new C.D. Howe...

Improving Immigrant Selection: Further Changes Are Required Before Increasing Inflows
June 19, 2013 - Christopher Worswick

Before increasing new immigrant intake targets, Canada should focus on improving immigrants’ labour market outcomes through reforms to the selection process, according to a report released today...

What Is to Blame for the Widening Racial Earnings Gap? - Globe and Mail Op-Ed
Canada's labour force has become more diverse, but visible minorities as a whole still struggle to achieve parity in the labour market. Even accounting for differences in individuals' characteristics...
Busby and Mahboubi - Challenges for International Students in Canadian Immigration System
Intelligence Memos
From: Colin Busby and Parisa Mahboubi To: Federal and provincial ministers of immigration; provincial ministers of postsecondary education Date: August 29, 2017 Re: Challenges for International...
Finnie, Mueller, and Sweetman - The Cultural Determinants of Access to Higher Education
Intelligence Memos
From: Ross Finnie, Richard E. Mueller, and Arthur Sweetman To: Provincial Ministers of Education and Immigration; Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada Date: August 25, 2017 Re:...

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© 2014 C.D. Howe Institute. All Rights Reserved.