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The C.D. Howe Institute is an independent not-for-profit research institute whose mission is to raise living standards by fostering economically sound public policies. Widely considered to be Canada's most influential think tank, the Institute is a trusted source of essential policy intelligence, distinguished by research that is nonpartisan, evidence-based and subject to definitive expert review.

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Labour Standards and Relations

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Thinking about Minimum Wage Increases in Alberta: Theoretically, Empirically, and Regionally
September 26, 2017 - Joseph Marchand

After weighing the lessons of economic theory and real-world experience, a leading Alberta economist, Joseph Marchand, concludes that Alberta’s move to raise the minimum wage to $15 an hour by...

Precarious Positions: Policy Options to Mitigate Risks in Non-standard Employment
December 2, 2016 - Colin Busby and Ramya Muthukumaran

Canada should strengthen the safety net under workers in precarious jobs, according to a new report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Precarious Positions: Policy Options to Mitigate Risks in Non-...

Target Benefit Plans: Improving Access for Federally Regulated Employees
October 14, 2014 - Randy Bauslaugh

Despite having been available for decades, target benefit pension plans (TBPs) will continue to be resisted by federally regulated employers unless a legal flaw is fixed, according to a report...

Target-Benefit Plans in Canada - An Innovation Worth Exploring
July 8, 2014 - Angela Mazerolle, Jana Steele and Mel Bartlett

Canadian governments need to move beyond defined-benefit (DB) versus defined-contribution (DC) pension model debates, and towards a middle-ground option that incorporates attributes of both...

Temporary Foreign Workers in Canada: Are They Really Filling Labour Shortages?
April 24, 2014 - Dominique M. Gross

Changes to the Temporary Foreign Workers (TFW) program between 2002 and 2012, which made it easier to hire foreign workers, accelerated the rise in unemployment in Alberta and British Columbia,...

Diplomacy, Trade and Aid: Searching for "Synergies"
November 27, 2013 - John Richards

Canada’s foreign aid could be more effective, were strategies in place that addressed the problem of weak host-country governance, which currently renders aid inefficient or even counter-...

Anindya Sen - Minimum Wage Boost Versus Tax Credits, The Tale of the Tape
Intelligence Memos
From: Anindya Sen To: Kevin Flynn, Ontario Minister of Labour Date: May 9, 2018 Re: Minimum Wage Boost Versus Tax Credits, The Tale of the Tape The Ontario minimum wage increased from $11.60 to $14...
Fast-growing Municipal Wages Point to Need to Revisit Labour Laws: Globe and Mail Op-Ed
Op-Ed
In recent years, municipal employees’ wage growth has constantly outpaced other unionized sectors. Since wages, salaries and benefits make up more than half of the operating expenditure for most...
The Regent Debate: Janice MacKinnon - The Case Against a Universal Basic Income
Intelligence Memos
In this special edition of Intelligence Memos we present the arguments made at the C.D. Howe Institute’s inaugural Regent Debate earlier this month. Four prominent voices sparred over the following...

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